Here’s a great article by Zooomr cars– a tech startup that offers the best car lease deals and handles used cars in India.

When a person in California is charged with driving under the influence (DUI), there must be formal charges filed against them within a specified period of time.  This is known as California’s statute of limitations.

The state of California takes DUI very serious.  It is estimated that over 1,400 fatalities occur annually in California as a result of DUI.  There are also more than 190,000 arrests for DUI. This charge will be based on the amount of alcohol or other substance found in a person’s system who is driving.  This will be determined by a person’s blood alcohol concentration (BAC).  Should a person 21 years old or older who is operating a passenger vehicle have a BAC of .08 percent or higher, they will be charged with DUI.  This is also the case if a person is operating a commercial vehicle who has a BAC of .04 percent or higher.  A person younger than 21 years old can be charged with DUI if they have a BAC of .01 percent or higher.  A person can also be charged with DUI based on the prescription medications they have taken.  They can also be charged with DUI for consuming over-the-counter medications or drugs with alcohol in them such as cough syrup.

Statute of Limitations
The statute of limitations in California is determined by the DUI offense being classified as a misdemeanor or a felony.  Should a person be charged with misdemeanor DUI, the prosecutor in charge of the case will have twelve months to formally file charges against a suspect.  When a person is charged with felony DUI, the prosecutor handling the case has up to three years to file formal charges.  California has no statute of limitations for a DUI arrest warrant.  These will be active for an indefinite period of time.

Wobbler Offense
In the state of California, a DUI is defined as a wobbler offense.  This means the facts of a DUI case can make it able to be prosecuted as a misdemeanor or a felony.  Most of the people in California are charged with misdemeanor DUI.  A person will probably not be charged with felony DUI unless it is they have four or more DUI charges in a ten year period.  A person could also be charged with felony DUI if the incident resulted in people having serious bodily harm or death.

DUI Penalties
Not all the DUI charges a person can be given are the same.  The penalties a person receives will be based on their age, type of license and any other previous DUI convictions.  Penalties can include jail time, community service, fines, a criminal license suspension as well as an Admin Per Se license suspension and more.

DUI Procedure
Many people in California arrested on DUI believe the process of them having a court trial or agreeing to a plea deal will happen quickly.  This is usually not the case.  Many people are arrested for DUI, spend a night in jail and are given a notice of a court date.  They will then show up to court on the assigned day only to be told the district attorney has not filed any criminal charges against them at this time.  In some cases, months can pass, and a person will not hear about their DUI case.  They should never assume the charges against them have been dropped or forgotten.  It’s better to think the district attorney is working hard to gather additional evidence to present in court.  This is a time when Los Angeles DUI Lawyers can help a person.  They will be able to tell a person about their rights in this situation and how to best to move forward toward a positive result.

This article is by Aaron Wallenstein, an NYC DWI attorney. How do you know if you need a criminal lawyer? If you are charged with a crime, it is imperative that you have someone to represent you and protect your rights. Often a person being charged with a crime for the first time does not realize how important it is to get legal advice. This mistake can cost not only your freedom and possibly a large amount in fines but your reputation. If convicted, the crime can stay on your record for many years.

Why you Need a Criminal Lawyer

A criminal lawyer represents people who have been or are going to be charged with a criminal offense. This can include misdemeanors as well as felonies. Hiring a criminal lawyer should be your first step before talking to anyone else about the charges. A criminal attorney is needed for any crimes against others such as murder, rape, assault, kidnapping, burglary, and robbery to name a few.

Crimes against individuals are called “offenses against the state”. Although the crime may have only been committed against one person, the state will prosecute. Rather than an individual filing charges against the accused, the prosecutor files the charges for the state. Individuals file charges in civil cases.

There are other crimes that require a criminal lawyer. White collar crimes are generally filed by the federal government. This is because they usually are committed in a way that involves crossing state lines. Sometimes states will also file charges. Some of these types of crimes are:

  • Fraud
  • Identity theft
  • Embezzlement
  • Forgery
  • Money laundering
  • Credit card theft

All of these are serious crimes that need the expertise of a criminal attorney. Many can carry maximum penalties of life in prison depending on the crime. White collar crimes are different in the way that sometimes people are charged due to their association with a particular company or person. This does not make the charges any less serious. Being accused of this type of crime can have grim consequences even if you are not found guilty. The damage to your reputation and career can be devastating.

How a Criminal Lawyer can Help

A criminal lawyer has the expertise needed to conduct an investigation into all types of crimes. They can conduct interviews with witnesses and others to obtain information. They will research all aspects of the case. A criminal lawyer explains all the procedures to the client including what could happen during and after the trial.

They represent their client by trying to prove their innocence by gathering evidence. Before the trial they can help with getting a bail reduction. They can sometimes get charges reduced and plea agreements may be negotiated. Sometimes they can help get sentences reduced to probation rather than jail time. They can also make sure that your rights have not been violated because law enforcement must follow certain procedures. If not, charges may have to be dropped.

Criminal law is one area of the law just as the medical profession and other careers have specialties. When facing a criminal charge it is important to find a criminal lawyer to explain the entire process. This can be a very stressful time and most people are not familiar with everything a criminal charge entails.

A criminal conviction can seriously affect your life and your family’s life. The prosecution will do their best to prove that you are guilty of the crime. This is why you need the expertise of a good criminal lawyer that will do their best to prove that you are innocent.

This article was written by Aaron Navarro, a Long Island personal injury lawyer.

The first and most important step you should take after an accident is to recover from your physical injuries. The state laws dictate that after an accident the injured victims should first mitigate their damages. This means that you should take all necessary steps to recover from your injuries and improve your physical condition.


Procedures You Should Follow to Heal Quickly

• Attend all the physical therapies as prescribed by your doctor, wear a waist trainer.

• Do not miss any appointments with your doctor.

• Follow your doctor’s advice regarding leisure and work.


How will you pay your medical bills?


Your personal injury attorney will discuss with you some of the options you have to help you pay your medical bills. However, some of the options that your lawyer will discuss with you in detail include;

• Your health insurance policy that you have paid for.

• The liability insurance of the other person who caused your physical injuries.

• Out of pocket funds in case you don’t have an insurance policy and you can pay the medical bills.

• An automobile insurance cover if you were driving during the time you were involved in an accident.

• Use your employers’ employee benefits insurance package.

• Worker’s compensation insurance in case you were injured while working.

• Medical insurance cover of the owner of the vehicle you were riding in.

• Your spouse’ or parents’ health insurance.


The nature of your case will determine which option you will choose to pay for your treatment bills. However, if there is no insurance cover, your doctor will allow you to pay at a later date after you have been compensated.


Will all Physicians Wait For Payment if you are Unable to Pay Your Medical Bills?

In several personal injury cases that don’t have any direct method of paying medical bills, many hospitals, medical doctors, and medical facilities can wait for their payment until your case is finally solved through settlement or after the court makes its verdict. Therefore, it is necessary to inform your physician early in case you don’t have an insurance cover or any financial means to pay for your treatment.


How Your Lawyer will Ensure that your Doctors Get Compensated

Most personal injury attorneys around the country have a policy of withholding some money after a court verdict or settlement to pay for medical facilities and doctors. Your doctor will require that you sign a lien or subrogation form that allows your personal injury lawyer to reserve some of the money you get after a settlement to pay for your medical bills.


What Will Happen if You Lose Your Case and You are Not Compensated? Will You Still Owe Money to Your Attorney and Doctors?

In case you lose your case, you will most likely not owe your attorney any money because most personal injury attorneys accept a contingency mode of payment. However, you will still have to pay the medical bills and other dispositions like witness fees. The judge will make a verdict against you meaning that you will have to pay for all expenses incurred. The defendant also has the right to use any means to recover money from you. In some cases, you may also be required to pay the lawyer’s fees for the defendant.


What Can You do After You Lose Your Case?

Your lawyer can follow a procedure that allows for a new trial before filing for an appeal. However, it is not always granted. Your attorney can also request for a new trial just to preserve your appeal rights. In the new trial, your lawyer will give the judge in charge of your case all the opportunities to correct any errors before an appeal.

Just because you are unhappy with the jury’s verdict is not enough to request a new trial. The jury weighs the credibility of the evidence presented and witnesses before they make a verdict. This means that even if you have three doctors as witnesses and the defendant has one witness doctor who says that the injuries aren’t accident related, the jury can choose to listen to that one doctor over the three. For you to have a fair trial and get compensated, you should have obvious and severe evidence for you to be granted the chance for a new trial.

In some situations, things cannot always go your way. Therefore, in case the jurors have made a verdict that doesn’t favor you, don’t rush to sue your attorney for malpractice. Keep in mind that he or she has also lost money and time. It is most likely that you didn’t win if you didn’t accept your attorney’s prior advice. Cool off before you analyze your case and meet up with your lawyer to discuss some of the options that you have. Remember that you will need your personal injury attorney in case you still stand a chance of reversing your fortunes.

According to Edmond El Dabe, a Los Angeles personal injury attorney – the decision of hiring an attorney can be one of the most important decisions you make. When you lose your case, it can mean the end to your chances of getting compensation. As a result – it’s important you hire the right one, from the start.

When looking for an effective way to market a business today, SEO is one of the most cost-effective tools that businesses both large and small can leverage to achieve growth. Instead of following the same strategies that everyone else uses, businesses can use this new innovative strategy in order to generate new targeted leads. By working with an SEO firm, companies can therefore expect to get better results from their marketing campaigns. Businesses that can benefit from this type of marketing range widely, including businesses both large and small. This article will explain how businesses can use the services of a professional SEO firm to get better marketing results.

1. More Cost-Effective

One great advantage of SEO is that it is very cost effective for businesses today. Instead of spending great amounts of money to target customers that are not interested, businesses that leverage SEO can expect to save money by not wasting their advertising dollars on customers who are not interested in a product. Through SEO, specific keywords can be targeted that seems to offer a good potential of adding value to the particular person doing the query. As time goes on, businesses can refine these specific keywords that they choose in order to get the most out of their SEO campaigns.

2. Building Brand Awareness

When businesses spread the word about their offerings, awareness will increase among target customers. Whether they are looking to purchase immediately or later down the road, they can expect to have customers coming in looking for more information. Even if the customer is not interested, there is a good chance that the customer might know someone who is. This can lead to additional sales by using an SEO services firm.

3. Website Traffic Growth

Getting traffic to a website is the most important factor for successful Internet marketing campaign. Without this, nobody would be able to know about a business is offerings because they would never actually visit the page. However, not all web traffic is the same. It is important that it is targeted in a way that is designed to actually achieve business goals. In many cases, a professional SEO services firm can generate thousands of new hits each month in order to generate new sales.

4. Return on Investment

Businesses that invest in SEO services can expect to obtain a very high return on investment. Again, this is because competition is low within Internet marketing channels for businesses today. Those who jump on this opportunity now will be able to reap the benefits long into the future as SEO efforts can take some time. Our company’s services can help any business to achieve success with this new marketing strategy in the online marketplace today.

Being arrested in California is a frightening and potentially life-altering experience. It can be especially terrifying to be in custody, which is why most people are anxious to make bail. However, bail can be excessively expensive, putting a financial strain on the defendant and his or her friends and family. Having a capable Los Angeles bail hearing attorney on the case can be enormously helpful. With their legal knowledge, they may be able to get your bail reduced or dropped entirely. Bail can be necessary if you’re picked up for a criminal defense, or if you’re accused of immigration fraud. Any immigration attorney will tell you – you can get arrested, and be bailed out, even if you get picked up by the immigration and naturalization agency.

What Is Bail?

Bail acts as a financial promise that the defendant will appear for subsequent court dates. The defendant may pay the entire amount of bail with cash, a personal check or cashier’s check. Because the amount of bail is usually substantial, it is common for defendants to use a bail bondsman. The bondsman puts up the full amount of the bail on behalf of the defendant in exchange for receiving no more than 10 percent of the total amount of the bail. This 10 percent is the bondsman’s commission and is not refundable. Sometimes the bail bondsman will only take eight or nine percent of the amount if the defendant is represented by a criminal defense attorney. Working with a bail bondsman means that the defendant only has to come up with a fraction of the total bail amount. Still, this can be an excessive amount of money depending upon how much bail is set for. 

How is Bail Determined in California?

Each county in the state sets its own bail schedule. Accordingly, counties can set vastly different bail amounts for the same crime. Still, crimes that are of a less serious nature will have smaller bail amounts while more serious crimes come with larger bail. The amounts can range from $10,000 or less for minor crimes, but can rise to multiple millions of dollars for serious felonies. Nearly all defendants are eligible for bail in California, but there are exceptions. Crimes that may carry a penalty of life imprisonment or the death penalty typically are not eligible.

What Is the Bail Hearing?

Even though each county sets a bail schedule, judges are given some latitude when it comes to setting actual bail amounts. The judge has the discretion to reduce, raise or even eliminate bail depending upon the circumstances of a particular case. A skilled, experienced Los Angeles bail hearing attorney is more likely to be able to help a defendant have their bail reduced or dropped. That’s because skillful negotiation and creative thinking may be the keys to saving the defendant a great deal of money.

The California bail hearing is essentially the defendant’s opportunity to ask the judge to reduce or drop their bail. It’s important that there be some logic behind this request. Simply stating that the defendant cannot afford the bail is not a sufficient argument. Instead, it is up to the California criminal defense attorney to come up with reasons why the defendant should be eligible for reduced bail or to be released on their own recognizance.

How Does a Judge Decide to Reduce or Eliminate Bail?

Judges look at a number of different factors in making or changing a bail decision. The bail hearing is not the time for determining the defendant’s guilt or innocence. Accordingly, the precise circumstances of the accused crime may not play a large role in the judge’s decision making. Instead, the judge will look for evidence that the defendant has significant community ties, the seriousness of the accused offense, the likelihood that the defendant will appear for future court dates and whether or not the safety of the defendant or the public will be adversely affected by the defendant’s release. If you have made all court appearances to date, have not been accused of any subsequent crimes and have a long history in your community, then there is a good chance that your bail will be reduced or dropped.

Being Released on Bail or on Your Own Recognizance

In an effort to reduce the amount of bail you owe or to convince the court to release you on your own recognizance, or OR, your Los Angeles bail hearing attorney will make suggestions to the court that will provide greater assurances that you will appear for future court dates. These suggestions may include that you will move into an in-patient treatment facility, that you will submit to house arrest, that you will surrender your passport and driver’s license or that you will submit to periodic reporting to a probation officer. While any of these restrictions may certainly limit your freedom while you are awaiting trial, they are all preferable to having to remain in custody.

Experienced Los Angeles Criminal Lawyers

Confidence, skill and experience matter when it comes to successfully managing bail hearings. The creative attorneys at this firm understand the bail schedules in each of the counties surrounding the metropolitan Los Angeles area. Moreover, we are familiar with the judges and prosecutors who handle these cases, which essentially gives us insider knowledge regarding how they have approached cases that are similar to yours in the past. Put our considerable knowledge to work for you by hiring us as your Los Angeles bail hearing attorneys. Our proven track record of getting bail reduced or dropped for clients speaks for itself.

Bail bonds are one of the most important words you’ll hear, if you’re ever arrested. Hiring a bail bondsman can mean the difference between spending days, or even months, in jail — or not! Bail bonds are typically given in instances where you’re arrested, and the court wants some form of collateral in order to let you go. While you may not be convicted yet, they want some form of guarantee that if they let you go, you’ll come to all the court proceedings, and do not disappear.

Typically, the bail will vary, depending on how extreme the crime you’ve done is, and how big of a flight risk you’re deemed. For example, if you’ve done a petty crime, your bail may only be a few thousand dollars. But, if you’re accused of manslaughter, etc, your bail may be in the hundreds of thousands of dollars. When this type of situation occurs, a bail bondsman can help pay the bail, in exchange for some form of collateral from you.

Typically, the bail bondsman, will ask you to pay him a % of the bond. For example, on a $200,000 bond, you may be asked to pay $20-$50,000. If you don’t have enough money, a bail bondsman may ask for other forms of collateral, for example if you’re house is worth $300,000, they may put a lien on the house in order to secure collateral in exchange for the bail bond.

Typically,  the fee you have given will be returned at a later point (when the bond is no longer needed). At this juncture, the bail bondsman will charge you interest, on the bail bond. This interest is a set fee, and will be for the duration of the bail bond. For example, on a $200,000 bail bond, you may end up paying $5-$10,000 in interest fees. It all depends on how much you’re borrowing. The good news, is that the interest doesn’t keep accruing on a monthly basis, like other loans. This is a “hard fee” that caps off.


The Sonic Screwdriver glass bong is a Gallifreyan device which served as a multi-purpose tool to Doctor in the ever popular TV show, Doctor Who. This device is flooded with an array of features that let the doctor control various objects at just the press of his thumb. If you are an ardent lover of this TV show then you might be already aware that doctor has used on array of screwdrivers in various designs and varied ability until his lifetime. The latest one that has received many replicas making rounds in the market is the one used by the 10th Doctor and 11th Doctor which was created within the console of TARDIS when the previous screwdriver was destroyed badly while confronting the prisoner Zero at the Lead worth village.

When compared to other siblings, this screwdriver and flaunts a green light which continues to be an integral part of the doctor as it becomes handy equipment while he explores the universe. If you have bought a brand new replica of the Sonic Screwdriver then you will need 3LII54 batteries and a traditional screwdriver.

Assembling Sonic Screwdriver:

  • Remove Sonic Screwdriverfrom the pack and hold it with your hand. Now twist the upper part (rigid section in silver and green tip) and pull it away. Now the battery caring in green would be visible with the top portion.
  • Loosen and remove both the screws on green caring and remove the cover.
  • Fit the batteries and put back the cover and screws.
  • Align the bottom of the screwdriver using the green caring and the grooves.
  • Now push the piece at the bottom over the green caring and connect it with the top portion of the device. As soon as the connection is established, you can slide the device at the same time.
  • Now test this screwdriver by pushing the black button on its lower back on the midsection. This would cause the device to generate a high pitched noise and the green light would glow.
  • Now push the black button on top to extend the device and replicate the scan mode. You can now open the bottom lid and touch the red colored button of the screwdriver to make it activate a different noise and light.
  • Make sure you replace the screws correctly without stripping it. If the screws are flimsy then replace it.

Hiring a divorce attorney is one of the most dreadful things one can think of — next to going to the dentist! It’s something no married couple wants to ever consider, but when the day comes, and that decision is front of you, – you better do your research. Hiring a divorce lawyer, is important – but what’s more important is knowing what you want.

For example – are you truly looking for a divorce, are you at that stage? Or are you simply looking for some form of mediation, and want to try and patch things up? Too often couples go right for the “D word,” instead of trying to fix their relationship, or at least try. Many times, couples counseling can assist with relieving mixed emotions, which need to be discussed and resolved. But, if you find that counseling isn’t cutting it, then a divorce, or at the very least separation, might be necessary.

First and foremost, avoid a “DIY” divorce kit. Rarely do those kits take into account everything under the sun, such as assets, property, child support, alimony, etc, and frequently an attorney is needed afterwards to fix the mess caused by the “DIY kit.” In states such as New York, a “no fault” divorce is allowed. This is true for other states as well. In order to qualify, though, you have to be legally separated from your spouse for at least 1 year. If you are, then under the guidelines of New York state, you can get a divorce that is “no fault.” Before this, the only way to get a divorce would be if one of the spouses was cheating on the other, etc.

Once you decide you need a divorce attorney, consider looking at places like Google places, and AVVO – for reviews. Generally speaking, you should consider working with an attorney who has many reviews on these places. It’s potentially easy for an attorney to manipulate these review portals, but if they have a large number of reviews, it’s likely they are trustworthy.

See if the lawyer offers a risk free consultation, and take advantage of it. Ask for references, and case studies of other couples. Generally speaking, an experienced divorce lawyer should be able to cite other cases similar to your own, from his years of experience. If he can’t, you should be careful, and assume he may not be the most qualified to help you. Another factor to consider is the size of his/her law firm. Generally smaller law firms may not be able to provide an adequate level of attention if they have too many clients. Ask the lawyer if you’ll be dealing with him, or his paralegal. Generally, cheaper law firms will take the easy way out, and assign you to a paralegal. This may result in you and your needs not being properly expressed, or represented.

About The Author

Jason Goldman is a lawyer at Raiser & Kenniff, PC, the premier NYC divorce lawyers, with over 40 years of combined experience.

The author of this blog post is Jim Ingolia, a NYC Personal Injury Lawyer who helps victims of personal injuries get the settlements they deserve. 

Generally speaking, personal injury settlements and awards are considered tax-free income, meaning you don’t have to pay the IRS a dime out of your winnings. The money awarded to you through either an official judgment or a well-negotiated settlement will be yours to split with your attorney. Note, however, that this view of the tax law takes only specific forms of compensation into account. Bodily injuries, quantifiable pain and suffering as the result of said injuries, medical bill awards, and lost wages directly attributable to physical injury are seen as offsetting a loss and are therefore not touched by the government. As you might have guessed, though, that’s not the end of the story.

Jurisdictional Variations
In addition to the federal government’s role in collecting taxes, each state also has their own tax laws. Some of these may differ substantially from the national IRS, so it pays to speak with a tax expert before signing on to a settlement. The federal tax code is thankfully straightforward on the matter of personal injury settlements, but some states may have obscure and difficult-to-understand laws regarding taxation. 

Exceptions to the Rule
Punitive damages are regarded as taxable income. These awards are intended to punish the person or company with a monetary “fine” which then goes to the plaintiff. If you’ve received punitive damages as part of your compensation package, the sum must be added to the gross income calculation on that year’s tax return forms. 

It is also worth noting that any interest you accrue through investments made with your personal injury settlement are fully taxable under the federal code. The only exceptions are special trusts or accounts which defer taxation to a later time, but these exceptions are not unique to lawsuit settlements. 

Case Specific Settlements
Some attorneys take taxation into account when negotiating a settlement and for good reason. How you settle a case can have a bearing on how much of the award must be handed over to the IRS. For instance, if you negotiate a settlement agreement that states all money is intended for visible physical injuries, the money will be nontaxable. If the award comes from a judge or jury, however, the amount may be itemized in a way that puts more of it up for grabs. The IRS isn’t necessarily beholden to a legal agreement’s specific wording, but it will hold up in most instances.

Important Things To Note
The federal government’s tax code can be tricky for even a lawyer versed in the field, so don’t be surprised when there are exceptions upon exceptions that obscure the law. Here are some of the most important things to note:

  • If you have already claimed a medical expense deduction on your tax returns, the IRS expects you to make up that difference with any future personal injury award.
  • Cases which involve no physical injury such as libel, employment-related settlements, wrongful termination, and discrimination may result in settlements that are taxable under the current law.
  • Though punitive damages are usually taxable, they too fall under tax-exempt status when awarded in wrongful death cases.

A Final Word
Though there are exceptions as noted above, personal injury settlements fall largely into tax-exempt status. Why is this important? Because too many people throw away their chance to sue for damages based on the erroneous notion that most of their award will go to the IRS. Nine times out of ten, this simply isn’t the case. If you have a legitimate personal injury case, talk to a good lawyer in your area, speak to a tax professional if necessary, and get the compensation you deserve for your injuries.